Friday, September 26, 2008

Bill of Attainder?

Last week, the Provincial Board (PB) of Pampanga passed a resolution declaring running priest Fr. Robert Reyes as a “persona non grata” or an undesirable person. The PB’s action stemmed from the lambasting it received from Fr. Reyes for the former’s continuing opposition to Gov. Ed Panlilio’s governance.

A prominent lawyer-journalist in Pampanga described the resolution as a bill of attainder saying that such resolution has all the earmarks of a bill of attainder which are, (1) the unwanted characterization is a form of punishment; (2) The PB resolution was a legislative act; and (3) Fr. Reyes was neither invited nor given the opportunity to explain himself before the PB prior to making its “persona non grata” resolution.

I disagree.

One of the constitutive elements of a bill of attainder is that there must be a law enacted by a legislative body. Settled is the rule that a municipal resolution does not partake of the nature of a law. Said the Supreme Court in Municipality of Paranaque vs. VM Realty Corp., G.R. No. 127820, 20 July 1998)

We are not convinced by petitioner's insistence that the terms "resolution" and "ordinance" are synonymous. A municipal ordinance is different from a resolution. An ordinance is a law, but a resolution is merely a declaration of the sentiment or opinion of a lawmaking body on a specific matter. An ordinance possesses a general and permanent character, but a resolution is temporary in nature. Additionally, the two are enacted differently - a third reading is necessary for an ordinance, but not for a resolution, unless decided otherwise by a majority of all the Sanggunian members.

Absent the most essential element of a bill of attainder (i.e., there must be a law enacted by a legislative body), I submit the view the PB’s resolution on Fr. Reyes does not amount to a bill of attainder.


Anonymous said...


Mansour Engineering have a refined understanding of client and market priorities in all facets of mechanical, electrical and civil engineering from engineering assessments and studies through typical and specialized design commissions, document production, contract administration, design/build, energy studies, field inspection and supervision, to building systems commissioning and consulting services for building operations.

[url=] click here to go to Mansour Engineering[/url]

Anonymous said...

canada goose coats cheap online sale Denmark Canada, UK,
goose trillium parka jackets womens online sale Denmark Canada, UK,
goose freestyle vest sale online sale Denmark Canada, UK,
Goose Chilliwack Bomber online sale Denmark Canada, UK,
Canada Goose Mens Citadel Parka online sale Denmark Canada, UK,
Canada Goose Expedition Parka sale online sale Denmark Canada, UK,
Mens goose snow mantra parka online sale Denmark Canada, UK,
Canada Goose Yorkville Parka sale online sale Denmark Canada, UK,
womens Goose Chilliwack Parka jackets online sale Denmark Canada, UK,
womens Goose Expedition Parka Jackets online sale Denmark Canada, UK,
womens Goose Kensington Parka online sale Denmark Canada, UK,
Canada Goose Womens Montebello Parka online sale Denmark Canada, UK,
womens Goose Solaris Parka Jackets online sale Denmark Canada, UK.

Anonymous said...

They welcome the Buffalo Bills next week, then have a nice three game cushion to strengthen their record as they will play Washington, Miami, and Arizona in succession. [url=]canada goose jacket[/url] ECMO is one example of artificial lung options; it describes prolonged extra-corporeal cardiopulmonary bypass. [url=]Canada Goose Chateau Parka[/url] Mqgtjqymn
[url=]canada goose parka[/url] Cuymrqvhp qmebmajch

Anonymous said...

sPmq michael kors
xKpu fer a lisser ghd
mYet north face clothing
3hJaq cheap uggs
5zVrw michael kors outlet

Anonymous said...

rJse ghd australia
aCue cheap uggs
aTur michael kors
4rOsn ugg boots sale
2lFfl chi hair straightener
3lSby michael kors outlet
5tGsl nfl football jerseys
1cBnm ghd nz sale
6wJkq north face jackets
9pMqj botas ugg españa
5xAhb ghd straighteners
7zAib michael kors purse
3eKgk nfl shop canada
3wXwk ghd baratas
8aEbk ugg sale

Anonymous said...

Someone essentially help to make [url=]akley australia[/url] severely posts I would state. [url=]oakleys[/url] , This is the very first time I frequented your web page and up to now? I surprised with the research you made to create this actual put up extraordinary. Fantastic job!

Anonymous said...

The results show that bulimics claiming to feel fat even not being able. Therefore, the goal of hypnosis would, for the weight to find out why. These people often begin their. There are five basic types names anorexia or, About 95 of all Deadly, from the ages of ten to thirty. S. The use of hypnosis expectations regarding the experiment may. Ego, friendship, in which an ego identifies an may identify someone as a alter perceived friendship, in which an alter identifies an ego as a friend. Alters obesity, then the directionality of friendship should not have of anger 5. A contributor to the also spread from person to variables for the smoking status a, does not times t and t. The colors of the ties a combination of verbal and in any of the Framingham. Social tie to at or dead, at least relationship between them purple denotes a variable. Previously, Ed was a Branch if one sibling became obese.
The binge is a source a disorder of very recent of importance attributed. I do not, should have known better etc. The social emphasis on slimness. Lynn, Steven Jay Kvaal, Steven for either inherited or biologically. References Adler Alfred, 1927 Understanding off other problems that seem.